Into the Wild and Back Again

 Choosing to live immersed in nature when you’ve spent your entire life living in the modern world can be an adventure in and of itself. Never mind the howling wolves at night or the potential for a bear encounter in the woods; it is often the lack of distraction modern technology provides that makes living in the wild difficult for those who are just beginning their nature immersion experience. Without a smart phone at their fingertips and familial and cultural expectations crowding their mind, a person has no choice but to deal with their unresolved emotions and fears. Couple this with the discomfort that comes from giving up modern day conveniences, and what often results is a human scarier than any bear you’d meet in the wild. This response is so common that we’ve given it a name, the Four Thresholds to Wilderness Attunement. You can read more about this in a prior blog post here .

Given all of the above, why would anyone choose to live immersed in the wild? Of course, the love of nature itself is a big reason. Beyond this, some come because the frenzied pace our culture has left them yearning for a more balanced and Eco-friendly way of life. They are drawn toward having a deeper relationship with nature, believing it will transform their lives for the better. Others feel called to live close to the Earth as their ancestors once did, and are passionate about learning primitive skills. Still others choose to come because they want to see if they can rise to the challenge of living for 11 months in the Northwoods wilderness, where the mosquitoes are your most faithful companions throughout the green season and the winters are cold enough to freeze spit before it hits the ground. For some, it’s some combination or all of the above, and for all, a desire to know themselves more deeply.

The Nature Immersion Experience
Take a moment to imagine that for 11 months, you are awakened by the dawn instead of an alarm clock. Then imagine not living with a clock at all. When time is a factor, it is told according to how long it takes to crack nuts or cook an egg near the coals of a fire. There are no weekends in the wild, just days without a name, which are referred to as suns. Months are called moons to reflect the Earth’s natural cycle. The calendar is no longer a blueprint for the seasons. Experience is now your guide, revealing time through the stars, moon cycles, the coolness of the air, the turning of the leaves, the snowshoe hares and ermines’ fur changing color to match the onset of the white season.

Instead of following your boss’s or family’s to-do lists, your days are filled with tasks that need to get done in order to eat, live and sleep more comfortably, and prepare for the upcoming change of seasons. Everyday, you gather firewood, visit the lakes for water, fish and forage for food, among other things. To stay dry, you learn to read the weather by paying attention to cloud cover, wind direction, and speed. To know what to do if someone gets injured, you learn which plants can heal and prevent infection. Knowing that you have the skills to make fire by friction builds confidence, so you build a relationship with fire by learning how to coax the Power of the Sun with your bow drill. Living with other program participants (Seekers) as a clan helps you face your personal fears in relationships and in speaking your truth. You learn what it means to depend on others for survival and to have others depend on you.

Imagine having time to watch the sun set, relaxing during moments in between gathering wood and water, no longer having the urge to reach for your smart phone. Imagine the peace of wild things, hearing the echo of Loons in the distance, feeling astonished by seeing an Eagle looking down from the upper branch of a White Pine, discovering wolf tracks in the mud, and watching Dragonflies zip across a still lake which holds the perfect mirror reflection of the most beautiful sunset you’ve ever seen, even though you were sure yesterday’s sunset was unbeatable.

Now imagine that it’s the last day of the 11 month immersion. You say goodbye to the land you’ve come to know so intimately and may never see again. Then you hike back with the other Seekers to Nadmadiwining, the School’s support camp.

Reintegration Back Into Society
Upon learning that the last moon is upon them, many Seekers report feeling a combination of excitement at seeing their friends and families again, a deep sadness over what they’ll be leaving behind, and apprehension regarding how to integrate what they’ve learned into their lives. To help with this, the wilderness guides start the reintegration process during the last moon; first, by closing the camp to visitors so that all energy is devoted to reintegration preparation. Second, by gathering a list of topics that are important to the Seekers. This past year, the Seekers chose to discuss how to simplify their lifestyle in order to maintain a pace in life that would allow them to pursue their interests and build upon what they’ve learned in the wild. They also wanted to find ways to continue building their relationship and their skills with fire.

During their last moon in the wild, the guides met often with the Seekers to share how they could find support once they were back home. In addition to having the guides as a resource, Teaching Drum offers an e-group support forum that is available to all graduates of our programs where past graduates can help new ones as they acclimate to their return to modern culture. The guides reminded them to not forget that they will continue to be their best support resource for one another since they spent the last 11 months together. Lastly, the guides emphasized the importance of having a Welcome Home Ceremony put on by their family and friends. This would serve as a welcoming back and also a time for them to share stories and to ask for the kind of support they feel they will need.

As the months progress, we’ll be checking in with last year’s Seekers to see how their transition is going.


Drawing Fire from Wood

The Seekers’ 11-month immersion adventure in the Northern Wisconsin wilderness ended just two weeks ago. Despite the Equinox informing us that it was spring, the ground remained frozen with snow and the Seekers’ need for fire persisted until the very last sun. Berry Love wrote about her relationship with fire while she was still at Snow Camp, sharing the lessons she learned that she planned to take with her when she returned home.


Written by Berry Love:

Berry Love

Before coming to do the Wilderness Guide Program, I never thought about what fire needs in order to burn well. If fire doesn’t have enough heat, the wood starts smoking. With more air, it can burn hotter and the smoking stops. Ultimately, I learned that whether the wood smokes is about heat and not air. I learned to place the wood closest to where the heat is.

We learned from the wilderness guides that fire needs to burn efficiently, using air, fuel, and heat.

When the fire pit is elevated, it gives the fire the air it needs. In the beginning, I didn’t believe this would make much difference until we were introduced to the elevated fireplace. We had less smoke than usual. I’ve learned that the size and dryness of the wood are the factors I have to look at so the fire can burn efficiently.

Berry Love with one of her bow drill kits. The seekers were challenged to create a new kit after three successful fires with that kit.


To start a fire, I have to give energy to the fuel (the wood), to enliven the first coal. In my relationship with fire, I am the one to make the fire visible, to draw out the fire that is in the wood.

To make the fire with a bow and drill constantly challenges me. I’ve learned that it is essential to carefully choose the materials for my fire kit. Every new kit is a new challenge. Before I arrived in this program, I had been able to make a coal. But it took me several weeks of practice until I made my first coal here.

I had to be patient with myself and overcome many moments of frustration. Even now, it is difficult to produce a coal every time.

Unlike with electricity where I can rely on the convenience of a switch, fire requires a constant awareness. The fire provides us with warmth, cooks our food, dries our clothes, and gives us light, all in one. In civilization, these tasks are performed by different machines. Fire making teaches me to be aware of everything I am doing. And the teaching continues even after the fire is burning. To be the most comfortable living outdoors, constant awareness is needed because the fire is constantly changing. Nothing in life stays the same shape. If I want the fire to constantly be burning, I have to constantly take care of the needs of fire.

When I burn the wood, the energy is released again and will take form in another place and another time. I like the idea that I play a role in the creation of new things just by burning wood; I am part of the endless circle of life and I give what I can give.





Up Next:  In the next post we’ll take an in depth look at how the guides help prepare the Seekers to transition from living in the wild back to modern culture. 


Two Worlds

The following post was written by Shkode’e, a participant of the 2016/17 Wilderness Guide Program.

Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest

What is it like to live out in the forest, in communion with and surrounded by all of nature? It differs in so many ways from life in modern society that it seems to be another world. In our modern way of living, whether we go to work or stay at home, there are doors, windows, and walls; everything closes us in. Our modern cities and villages are like human-created islands, standing isolated in the middle of this huge ocean of nature. But out here in the natural realm, we are learning what it is to be a part of the greater community covering the rest of our planet. Since the start of the Wilderness Guide Program last May, we have been walking this path, practicing following the heartbeat of Mother Earth.

The experience of living immersed in nature has affected us all. There is a sense of belonging. One easily feels cared for and connected. We understand that we are joining a web of relations, already existing for millions of years. They welcome us with open arms. We are accepted and respected as we are. The lake gives us water to drink and to wash. Plants, animals and minerals give food and medicine, clothing, tools, and shelter. We learn to coax the fire (sunlight) out of the wood and we have warmth and something to cook our food with. There is nothing missing. All is taken care of. Our Mother provided for us everything we need to survive; we can feel safe.

The wind touches my face, the cold freezes my breath, and the sun warms my back. The voice of the chickadees and squirrels rings in my ears, the cedar tree spreads her scent and I taste the freshly caught fish. Night and day provide the rhythm of light and dark, and the seasons offer me a different perspective and tasks to focus on in order to live well. All of my senses and actions are connected with the natural surroundings. With this greater community constantly speaking, I don’t need to feel alone. All of this affects us deeply, influencing our ability to live in peace with both ourselves and each other. Trust in life emerges.

Living in the wild requires us to be curious in order to understand what is needed to take care of our needs. Being aware and spontaneous helps us to adapt to living with the continuous changes that arise with nature and the turn of the seasons. Out here, it is easy to live with an awareness of the Hoop of Life, the feeling of interconnection to the diversity of life in our area. At camp I find myself living the way of giving and receiving. It is obvious that everything is connected. I cannot help but appreciate our greater circle!

Shkode’e at Winter Camp

The other side of this is that in order to function and survive, one must learn to flow with the Hoop of Life. Where I place my feet and how I act are determined by what is going on in my surroundings. This is not the same in modern society where I can decide freely what I want to do and when. In the city I can just take care of myself. But out in the wild, I need my clan and I need to know how to be in relationship with all things.





Stay tuned for more stories from Snow Camp!



Making a Bow Drill Fire From a Kit Made Without Tools

Watch as Caretaker makes a bow drill fire and explains how he made his kit without tools. 

A Winter Camp Moment with Dancing Bear

Written by Dancing Bear 

Dancing Bear

Right now I’m sitting on a fallen tree at the north shore of Woodbury Lake. I like to sit here and listen to the sounds of the trees. Caretaker is a little bit further west from me. Caretaker and I are out finding firewood to bring back home (Camp). Berry Love stayed back to prepare her bow drill so she can make a fire.

It is the hottest sun in a long time and there are no clouds. I don’t even need mittens for writing.

On my way here, I saw some interesting deer tracks on the frozen lake. The tracks made many circles, then back and forth, and jumps further than one body length. I also saw four spots where the deer were lying down. Last sun, I saw something similar, but I haven’t figured out yet what they were doing. I want to show this to my camp mates and maybe the guides to hear their opinions. My interest in tracking was pretty low when I first came here, but now my interest is growing.

And now it’s time to get some firewood and ramble back to Camp.

Stay tuned for more adventures!



An Interview with the Seekers During the Great Spirit Moon

Each moon, the Seekers spend one sun at Nadmadiwining (Ojibwe for Support Camp), where the School’s main campus is located. It is there that the guides do a thorough check of the Seekers’  health status by taking their weights, measurements, and vital statistics. This is also the time when the Seekers do research from field notes they have collected while at camp, check in with friends and family, and take care of any obligations back home.

For the Ojibwe people, each moon is named according to the observances of nature and natural phenomenon. January is known as the Great Spirit Moon, or gichi-manidoo-giizis by some Ojibwe. In the North the frozen landscape and shorter days offer a time for reflection and inner searching into this Great Spirit mystery. During the Seekers’ visit to Nadmadiwining during the Great Spirit Moon, they gathered together to answer some questions about what living at Winter Camp has been like.

Can you share some of the highlights and challenges of living at Winter Camp during the white season? How has your experience been sleeping in the lean-to?

Berry Love: When sleeping in a lean-to, you can’t stand up and this makes putting on clothes more difficult. I do really like to see the sky and the sun, though. There is also more air flow and less humidity, which is nice. But it’s cold.

Caretaker: I also really like the lean-to. It’s simple. Like Berry Love said, it’s totally open. You don’t feel like you are sleeping inside, but there is something in between you and everything else. I like to see the stars. I like to see the sky change between the star time and the sun. Of course it’s colder now. I think with the situation with Shkode’e, with her coming just with the guides, I realize that a part is now missing. The cleaning up–now someone else has to do it. We now have to do more on our own. After the second quarter moon with Shkode’e staying at the School, we are now in a routine; life goes on.

Dancing Bear: The benefit of living in the lean-to is that we are as close as possible to the hearth. We can be next to the fire and then turn around and go directly into our sleeping bags. Before, at Green Season Camp, the hearth was away from the lodges. We needed to walk through the forest, sometimes with candles, in order to get to our sleeping bags. This is much better.

Shkode’e: Now that I have been out of camp for almost 3 quarter moons, I feel like I am finally arriving here. I feel like I’m getting stronger, that my emotions and body feel more in balance again. Feeling like this allows me to be more present when I am out at camp. I hope to be able to support my clan mates even more. And I also enjoy life at camp and being outside in a different way than when I was struggling so much with the cold.

Dancing Bear: I think we need to put the hearth even closer to the lean-to.

Berry Love: When it is so cold that our breath freezes, we can feel a difference between inside the lean-to and outside. It’s warmer inside, so sometimes the breath is not frozen on the sleeping bag. Sometimes my feet get cold and this will wake me up. We use stones from the hearth to help keep our feet warm.

Caretaker: The difference between Summer and Winter Camp is that the Winter camp is on the other side of the hill. The prevailing winds from the Northwest are cut off by that hill, which is where the lean-to is built into.

What methods have you discovered to make living in sub-zero temperatures more comfortable?

Shkode’e: I remember that when the green season changed to the white season, I felt cold. But then something changed in my body and I got used to it. We also eat differently – more starch and more fat. Now what used to be cold feels warm.

Berry Love: I made this beautiful nose warmer because I had frostbite on my nose and it helped to have something there to protect it against the cold. But when I would breathe, the flap I initially made sent the warm air into my glasses and they would fog up. After a few changes, the nose warmer turned out well. It helped protect my nose from the cold and caught my warm breath, which helped even more.

Shkode’e: I am always impressed again and again by how much I can warm myself up. If I am cold and then I run, suddenly I am so warm. We have so much heat inside our body already, we just have to keep it going so we don’t lose the warmth.

Caretaker: We had one really cold star time with no fire. Even with just movement, we could eat frozen food and go to sleep and stay warm. Movement is really important before bed.

Shkode’e: I enjoyed when we tried the mittens system (of keeping warmth), when we became like the fingers in the mitten. We put our sleeping bags together and then a blanket over all of us to help keep each other warm.

Berry Love: I can feel the difference after I have washed myself. Keeping clean and clothing clean keeps us warmer.

How do you clean your clothes during the white season?

Berry Love: We put our clothes on a stick, then make a hole in the ice and move it up and down. We make sure we have a warm fire to dry things. It works well.

Caretaker: I have a good method for washing clothes – it works if you just drop to the snow with your clothes on and then dry them by the fire after.

Berry Love: We learned it doesn’t work so well to soak our clothes – we tried it and then had to carry big blocks of ice to the fire to get our clothes out.

[Much laughter by all]

From left to right: Dancing Bear, Shkode’e, Berry Love, and Caretaker


Stay tuned for more posts from Winter Camp!

Finding an Opportunity in Every Situation

This blog post was written by Caretaker while at Winter Camp. 

A lot has happened here in the past few quarter moons. I originally wanted to write about my relationship with fire, but after the first few lines, I realized it is more fitting to write about the recent events and changes that have happened here at Winter Camp.

About a moon ago, an emergency in Shining Dragonfly’s family required her to leave our camp here in the forest and fly home.  Right now, we don’t know when or if she will come back to us during our time here.

Saying “goodbye” to Shining Dragonfly

A quarter moon ago, the Guides and Seekers agreed that it would be best for the health of Shkode’e (which means Heart of Fire. She was formerly Yellow Pond Lily) if she spent part of the white season at Nadmadiwining (Ojibwe for Support Camp), where the School’s main campus is located.  She had lost too much weight and has been struggling to regain it, which greatly impacted her ability to generate sufficient inner heat to stay warm in the colder temperatures. For now, Shkode’e comes to camp with the Guides and supports us from Nadmadiwining while she works to regain her strength.

This means that instead of 5 persons, there are only 3 of us left around the fire here in the woods. When you live in such a small clan and so close together like we do, the loss of a clan-mate changes the dynamics of the clan quite strongly. Often I have the feeling there is something missing. There are special energies that are just not here anymore, like losing a leg or an arm. This situation is showing me that life is change, and every change brings the opportunity to learn something new. Or I can spend the next suns sitting under a tree and being victimized by this. Life will go on anyway. It is in my hands to change the situation and empower myself.


What I am realizing is that I really need to use the time that I have with the people next to me to give them and me the chance to get to really know each other. In the past, I often judged people by my first impression of them and distinguished them as either interesting or uninteresting. I think that I missed out on getting to know a lot of worthy humans, which I now regret. I hope I can change this pattern and give myself the opportunity to see the true value of every human and situation. 



Stay tuned for more posts from Winter Camp. 


Living Wild in the White Season

Snowshoe Hare

The White Season has finally settled upon the Northern Wisconsin woods, with snow blanketing everything as far as the eye can see. Young White Pines bend low under the weight of the most recent snowfall. Snowshoe Hares, now garbed in their white coats, hop and forage for twigs, bark, and needles. Cloudless skies tend to usher colder temperatures that have so far reached -16 Fahrenheit (-26.67 Celsius). Cloudy skies, while making snowfall more likely, can be an insulating factor, and offer temporary reprieve from subzero temperatures.

Despite the colder temperatures, the seekers extended their stay in the Green Season Camp in order to replace the support poles on the lean-to shelter, and to fully ready Winter Camp for their move. They also took down the winter wigwam that was built almost two decades ago, and worked diligently to store the birch bark panels and woven mats for future use, and for safekeeping throughout the winter.

Lean-to shelter at Winter Camp

Caretaker making fire

Berry Love, Dancing Bear, Pond Lily, and Caretaker* moved into the lean-to at Winter Camp during the last moon where fire is kept only at the hearth outside. Those without experience living outdoors during winter might have a difficult time understanding how anyone could live, eat, and sleep out in the wild amid wind, snow, and temperatures well below freezing.

Animals, plants, and humans go through a physiological change when exposed to prolonged cold temperatures, and thus are able to acclimate as needed in surprisingly short order. Sitting in front of an outdoor fire all Sun long to keep warm is not how the seekers wish to experience their White Season. However, they do live outdoors in frigid temperatures, so they are learning the vital importance of feeding and maintaining their inner furnace: their core body temperature. They rely on quality fats as their prime fuel, on being physically active to keep the internal fire burning, and on wool’s insulating and somewhat impermeable qualities to retain that warmth.

Indigenous people understood how to live as part of nature because they needed to. Progress has ushered in such inventions as the light bulb and central heat, among other things. With these added conveniences, it was unnecessary to retain the knowledge possessed by natives. The seekers are returning to what many of us have lost by cultivating their relationship with nature, and by learning and integrating the skills necessary to live well in the wild in all seasons.

In the next few posts, we’ll be exploring the differences between the Green Season and Winter Camps. We’ll look at the skills and practices that need honing, not just to survive, but to be comfortable in the northern hemisphere’s White Season.

*Shining Dragon Fly is currently not at camp because she needed to attend to a family matter.